Electronics

What is a monitor?

You cannot buy with a computer: you also need a monitor. We also call a monitor a display in Dutch. There is a lot of choices when buying a computer screen, both in terms of size and price range. Whether you are looking for a cheap or professional screen for image editing, there is always a monitor that suits you. View and compare.


What types of monitors are there?


The imaging technique used is an important distinction in the field of monitors. Although those which you can buy nowadays fall under the name where the image is formed by liquid crystals, there are three different technologies. If you want to buy a LED screen, remember that LED is not a specific screen technology, but the used screen is lit by LEDs. Nowadays every screen uses LEDs as a backlight and can also call every LCD screen.


The first image technology is Twisted Nematic (TN). TN panels have the advantage that they are cheap and fast. On the other hand, the viewing is not very good. A few years ago, almost every consumer monitor was equipped with a panel because of the price. Nowadays, the other image technologies have become cheaper, so that you now encounter TN in the real bottom of the range. There is, however, one exception to that rule and that is the gaming monitor. TN is still the fastest image technology and for the professional gamer, each ms counts (millisecond). That is why there are also more expensive game screens with a TN panel for sale.


The second image technology is In-Plane Switching or IPS. IPS has many advantages over TN. This way the color reproduction and viewing angle are excellent. IPS screens are therefore the choice for when you want to edit photos or videos. Besides IPS you can also encounter PLS (Plane Line Switching) and AHVA (Advanced Hyper-Viewing Angle). These two imaging technologies are so similar to IPS that you can simply add them to IPS. IPS screens are slower than TN screens, although they are becoming faster and there are gaming screens with an IPS panel. For everyday computing, however, they are more than fast enough. If you do not have specific preferences, be sure to purchase an IPS screen.
Finally, VA (Vertical Alignment) – and especially the AMVA (Advanced Multi-domain Vertical Alignment) variant – is a third image technology that you often encounter. The VA technology is priced in between TN and IPS. Technically this is partly true because the viewing angle and colors are much better than IPS. The biggest advantage of VA is an extremely deep black value and high contrast; that good black value is interesting, for example, if you watch a lot or movies.

What features does a PC screen have?


An important purchase consideration is a computer display, of course, the physical image format. In addition, the resolution and connections are important purchasing considerations.


With the resolution we have the number of pixels that have a screen in the width and height, for example, 1920 x 1080 pixels. The higher this resolution is, the sharper the image will be. We also call Full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080. There are also high resolutions such as 2550 x 1440 pixels, also called WQHD. The real superlative is UHD or 4K that offers 3840 x 2160 pixels. A 4K screen is four times as sharp as a Full HD screen, which is a big advantage with larger image sizes from 27 inches. With larger Full HD screens you can see the pixels from a normal viewing distance. So if you are looking for a larger screen, then buy a 4K monitor.

When purchasing a screen, pay attention to the number and type of connections. Or you can blindly buy a monitor with HDMI and usually, your computer will also be equipped with HDMI. However, it is also useful to check in addition to whether your screen is equipped with DisplayPort. DisplayPort is, like HDMI, a digital image connection. But where HDMI is primarily intended for the living room, DisplayPort should become the connection for the PC. If possible, purchase a display with multiple DisplayPort and / or HDMI connections. Then you can also connect your laptop or game computer without having to disconnect the PC.

Compared to HDMI, DisplayPort has the advantage that the bandwidth has a higher refresh rate. Make sure your PC also has the correct DisplayPort connection. If you have purchased a fast 144Hz gaming screen, you can also use that speed in your normal work. Via the display settings or Windows 10, you can set the refresh rate of your screen. By default, this will be 60 Hz, but with a fast screen, you can also choose 120 or 144 Hz, which ensures a smoother picture display.
What format do you need?

The most important purchase consideration when choosing a new screen is the format. A too large screen does not actually exist, but it is true that a large monitor costs more. If you are looking for a normal screen and do not want to spend too much, make sure that your screen is 24 inches (minimum).

Do not buy a smaller screen because you buy too small a monitor. Larger screens are now much more affordable than a few years ago. If possible, choose a large screen, so it’s nice if your screen is 27 inches. You can easily get to work with multiple windows next to each other.

OF course, you can always go bigger: a 32 inch PC monitor is nothing more strange. If you choose a larger size than 24 inches, make sure that the resolution is higher than Full HD (1920 x 1080). If you do not do that, then you have the chance that the image is not sharp enough.

This is how you choose the best computer screen

If you are going to buy a new screen, you will want to determine the purpose. Are you going to use photos and videos? With average office use, you can easily choose an average 24-inch screen, although the slightly more expensive IPS technology is pleasant because of the higher viewing angles. If you are going to edit photos or videos, then you choose IPS technology anyway. Also, a larger in combination with a higher resolution is then pleasant. This way you can see more information at the same time.

When purchasing displays, pay attention to ergonomics. Nothing is as annoying as putting a pile of books at the right height. That is also extra awkward if several people use the same screen. Therefore consider a slightly more expensive screen with a height-adjustable foot.

Are you a gamer, then choose a special gaming screen. Compared to a normal screen, a game monitor has a number of features that are important to gamers. For example, a game screen supports a higher refresh rate of 120 or 144, allowing more images to be displayed on a normal screen. To make smooth images possible, gaming screens usually support AMD FreeSync or NVIDIA G-Sync.

Which brands make the best screens?

There are a lot of brands that make displays. Fortunately, bad displays no longer exist. There is a limited number of manufacturers or panels used by manufacturers such as Samsung, Eizo, Dell or LG. So look especially at the features that you need and which screens then fall within your price range. A brand like Samsung makes many different displays while Dell has a smaller offer. The chances are higher on a Samsung screen than on a Dell screen.

It is true that certain manufacturers have their own specialization. For example, a gamer will come out faster on Acer monitor or LG screen, while a professional image editor will come to Eizo screen sooner.

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